Question: How Long Does It Take To Find A Bone Marrow Match?

Is it hard to find a bone marrow match?

Stem cell donors and bone marrow transplant recipients must be matched for their tissue type.

A close HLA match is critical when transplanting blood and bone marrow–forming stem cells from an adult donor to a patient.

This makes it difficult for people of certain races or mixed ancestry to find a match..

How long does it take to get bone marrow match results?

Potential donors, patients and families need to be aware that HLA test results may take up to three weeks to process. It is also important to note that the patient and donor may still be a good match, even if they do not share the same blood type.

How painful is it to be a bone marrow donor?

Bone marrow donation is done under general or regional anesthesia so the donor experiences no pain during the donation procedure. Discomfort and side effects after the donation vary from person to person. Most marrow donors experience some side effects.

Has anyone died donating bone marrow?

According to the National Marrow Donor Program, 2.4% of people who donate bone marrow experience a serious complication. … Of these people, there was one death and 12 serious events (mostly heart related) that were felt to be related to bone marrow donation.

Are siblings always a match for bone marrow?

Donating stem cells or bone marrow to a relative A brother or sister is most likely to be a match. There is a 1 in 4 chance of your cells matching. This is called a matched related donor (MRD) transplant. Anyone else in the family is unlikely to match.

Do you have to be same blood type to donate bone marrow?

Human Leukocyte Antigen Test (HLA) In order to determine whether or not you can be a donor for a loved one, you will need an HLA or human leukocyte antigen test. The HLA test looks at genetic markers on your white blood cells. … You do not need to have the same blood type as the patient in order to be a donor.

How many people are bone marrow donors?

The other 70%, or approximately 12,000 people, need someone like you to donate their healthy marrow. Even with more than 35 million potential marrow donors and 783,000 cord blood units available worldwide, it is harder for patients of racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds to find a match.

What are the odds of finding a bone marrow match?

Donation statistics 1 in 40 registry members will be called for additional testing. Additional testing can be used to narrow the list of potential donors and determine the best possible match for a patient. 1 in 300 will be selected as the best possible donor for a patient.

Is it dangerous to be a bone marrow donor?

Bone marrow donation The most serious risk associated with donating bone marrow involves the use and effects of anesthesia during surgery. After the surgery, you might feel tired or weak and have trouble walking for a few days. The area where the bone marrow was taken out might feel sore for a few days.

How often are bone marrow donors matched?

How likely is it that I will match a patient and go on to donate? On average, about 1 in 430 U.S. Be The Match Registry members will go on to donate bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) to a patient.

Can anyone be a bone marrow donor?

Anyone between the ages of 18 and 60 who meets health guidelines and is willing to donate to any patient in need is able to join the registry. … People over age 60 are at a slightly increased risk of complications during and after donation. People over age 60 may not join the registry.

How do they test to see if your a bone marrow match?

How a match is madeYou register with the NMDP online or in person at a donor center. You can find a center by calling the toll-free number 1-800-MARROW2.You collect cells from your cheek with a cotton swab or provide a small blood sample. … If an HLA match is made with a patient in need, the NMDP contacts you.